August 31, 2020

The Ears, Hearing and Balance

Your ears do the remarkable job of allowing you to hear a huge range of sounds, from a whisper to a loud bang. To do this, the ear transforms sound energy into electrical signals which the brain can interpret. Your ears also help to maintain your balance.

August 29, 2020

Delirium (Confusion): An Overview of Acute Confusional State

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Delirium (sudden confusion) is a serious disturbance in mental abilities resulting in confused thinking and reduced awareness of the environment. There is rapid decline from previous baseline mental functioning over a short period of time, typically hours to days. Delirium can have many different causes, and often traced to one or more contributing factors, such as changes in metabolic balance (like low sodium). Get medical help immediately if someone suddenly becomes confused (delirious).

August 26, 2020

What is an Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) Test?

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An electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) is a simple test that is used to check and record your heart's electrical activity. The electrical activity of your heart shows up as a tracing on a special paper from which important information about your heart is inferred. Many heart problems and medical conditions affecting the heart can be diagnosed from the tracing on the ECG (or EKG) paper.

August 24, 2020

Anatomy of the Eye

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When you look at an object you see it because light reflects off the object and enters your eye. Your eye focuses this light into an image on the layer of the eye called the retina.

August 23, 2020

Diarrhoea: An Overview of Acute Diarrhoeal Disease

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Diarrheal disease is one of the top ten leading causes of death worldwide and a particular concern for children younger than five years old in resource-limited settings. Among adults in resource-rich settings, diarrhea is often a "nuisance disease" in the healthy individual. Diarrhoea can be of sudden onset lasting less than two weeks (acute) or more than two weeks (persistent or chronic). In most cases, diarrhoea eases and resolves within few days though sometimes it takes longer. The main risk is dehydration. The main treatment is drinking lots of fluid to avoid dehydration. You should also eat as normally as possible. See a doctor if you suspect that you are dehydrating, or if you have any worrying symptoms as listed below. This article deals with acute diarrhoea, which is common.

August 22, 2020

Pneumonia: key facts, causes, risk factors, features, treatment, prevention and prognosis

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Pneumonia is one of the most common reasons people go to see their doctor. Strictly speaking it describes any inflammatory condition affecting the alveoli of the lungs, although in the vast majority of patients this is due to a bacterial infection.

August 19, 2020

Neck, Shoulder and Back Pain: How to Protect Your Neck, Shoulder and Back While Working from Home

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Many countries went into lockdown early this year, meaning that some of us have been working from home for several months. Have you found it hard to set up a comfortable workspace during the coronavirus lockdown? Or are you missing your standing desk or office chair whilst working from home?

Causes of an Absent Apex Beat

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When a doctor examines the point at which the beating of the heart is most felt on the chest (referred to as the cardiac impulse), s/he can expect to find valuable clues to help in the diagnosis of diseases of the heart. Surprisingly, in some cases, this cardiac impulse is absent.

August 16, 2020

Meig's Syndrome

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Meigs' syndrome is named after Joe Vincent Meigs, an American obstetrician and gynaecologist (1892-1963), who reported a case series in 1937 and subsequently described the syndrome.

5 Ways Being Outdoors Will Improve Your Health

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Protection from sun exposure is important all year round, not just during the summer or at the pool. Any time the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays are able to reach the earth, you need to protect yourself from excessive sun exposure. UV rays can cause skin damage during any season or temperature.

August 14, 2020

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)

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Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that affects how people perceive the world and interact with others. Autistic people see, hear and feel the world differently to other people. If you are autistic, you are autistic for life; autism is not an illness or disease and cannot be 'cured'.

August 12, 2020

Female Genital Mutilation

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Female Genital Mutilation refers to the deliberate cutting off of the genitals of a girl. It is practiced in various cultures across the world for several varied reasons.

August 09, 2020

An Overview of Child Maltreatment

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Few topics are more emotive than child maltreatment. Children under the age of 18 may be exposed to abuse and neglect by a parent, caregiver, or another person in a custodial role (e.g. guardian, clergy, coach, teacher).

August 04, 2020

Breastfeeding Dos' and Donts' You Need to Know

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Breastfeeding is a vital part of providing every child with the healthiest start to life. It is a baby’s first vaccine and the best source of nutrition, and can bolster brain development. There are many benefits to breastfeeding, both for you and for your baby. If you want to breastfeed it's important not to be put off if it becomes difficult.

August 02, 2020

Infant and Young Child Feeding

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Adopting optimal feeding practices is fundamental to a child’s survival, growth and development, but too few children benefit. Proper feeding of infants and young children can increase their chances of survival. It can also promote optimal growth and development, especially in the critical window from birth to 2 years of age.

August 01, 2020

World Breastfeeding Week 2020

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World Breastfeeding Week (WBW) is an annual celebration held every year since 1992 between 1st - 7th of August in more than 120 countries. Organized by World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action (WABA), WHO and UNICEF, the WBW has the primary goal to promote exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life and improve the health of babies around the world.