December 24, 2020

Finger Clubbing: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

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Nail clubbing, also known as digital clubbing or just simply, clubbing, is a deformity of the finger or toe nails which occur due to the presence of a number of associated diseases, mostly diseases of the heart and lungs. In a number of cases, however, nail clubbing has been known to run in families, where it occurs without any associated disease or medical problem. It is still not clear why soft tissue in nails increase to cause nail clubbing, whether in diseases that have brought it on, or in families where different affected members have inherited it.

December 20, 2020

Manufacturing, Safety and Quality Control of Vaccines

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This article is part three in a series of explainers on vaccine development and distribution. Part one focused on how vaccines work to protect our bodies from disease-carrying germs. Part two focused on the ingredients in a vaccine and the three clinical trial phases. This article outlines the next part of the vaccine journey: the steps from completing the clinical trial phases through to distribution.

How are Vaccines Developed, Tested and Regulated?

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This article is part two in a series of explainers on vaccine development and distribution. Part one focused on how vaccines work to protect our bodies from disease-carrying germs. This article focuses on the ingredients in a vaccine and the three clinical trial phases. Part three outlines the next part of the vaccine journey: the steps from completing the clinical trial phases through to distribution.

December 19, 2020

How Does Vaccines and Herd Immunity Work?

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Lately there has been much talk about vaccines and herd immunity, with many expressing fears about taking the COVID-19 vaccine. This article is part one in a series of explainers on vaccine development and distribution. This article focuses on how vaccines work to protect our bodies from disease-carrying germs. Part two focuses on the ingredients in a vaccine and the three clinical trial phases. Part three outlines the next part of the vaccine journey: the steps from completing the clinical trial phases through to distribution.

December 18, 2020

Planning to Travel This Christmas? Here's What You Need to Know (Watch VIDEO)

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It is now that time of year when we celebrate or travel to celebrate with family and friends. If you are planning to travel this Christmas season, then you need to play by the rules of the book that has been tested all year round in 2020. Read on and watch the video below...

November 11, 2020

Rehabilitative and Assistive Technology in Medical Care

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Rehabilitative and assistive technology help people with disabilities to function more easily in their everyday lives and also for caregivers to care more easily for a disabled person. “Rehabilitative technology” sometimes refer to aids used to help people recover their functioning after injury or illness. “Assistive technology” may be as simple as a magnifying glass to improve vision or as complex as a digital communication system to improve communication ability.

November 09, 2020

COVID-19: How to Treat Coronavirus 2019 at Home

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The majority of people who get infected with the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) virus experience mild or asymptomatic (no symptoms) disease which can be treated at home. So if you're experiencing the tell-tale signs of the virus, what should you do to feel better? A proportion of people may experience more severe disease warranting hospital admission. This article discusses mild disease which is easily treated at home.

November 08, 2020

Abortion and How it Affects Your Health: Choices, Procedure and Risks

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An abortion is the medical process of ending a pregnancy, perfomed up to the 24th week of pregnancy, so it doesn't result in the birth of a baby. It is sometimes known as a termination of pregnancy (TOP). The pregnancy is ended either by taking medications (medical abortion) or having a minor surgical procedure (surgical abortion). One in three women will have an abortion in their lifetime.

November 06, 2020

Hepatitis A: Risk Factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

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Hepatitis A refer to inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis A virus (HAV). It tends to be a short-term (acute) illness; and is usually spread by eating or drinking something contaminated with the hepatitis A virus. It is more common in developing countries.

November 05, 2020

Hepatitis E: Cause, Transmission, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

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Hepatitis E disease is a similar illness to hepatitis A. Like hepatitis A, hepatitis E is spread through contaminated food and drink, and thereafter causes an acute (short-term) and self-limiting illness, from which people usually recover fully with low death rates; however, it can be more severe in pregnant women and people with a weakened immune system e.g. organ transplant recipients, with substantially higher death rates. A preventive vaccine (HEV 239) is approved for use in China, but is not yet available anywhere else.

November 03, 2020

Hepatitis D: Transmission, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

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The most common cause of hepatitis is infection with a virus. There are five different viruses which can cause five different types of viral hepatitis viz Hepatitis A virus (HAV), Hepatitis B virus (HBV), Hepatitis C virus (HCV), Hepatitis D virus (HDV) and Hepatitis E virus (HEV). Hepatitis D is spread in the same way as hepatitis B and hepatitis C; however, it can only affect people who also have been infected with hepatitis B. This article is about the HDV infection.

November 02, 2020

Cow's Milk Protein Allergy

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Cow's milk protein allergy is one of the most common food allergies seen in children. It is most commonly seen during the first year of life. Many children who have been allergic to cow's milk protein become tolerant to it by the time they are 5 years old.

November 01, 2020

What You Need to Know About Allergic Reactions

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An allergy is a reaction that your body's immune system has to a foreign substance called an allergen. Typically, allergens themselves are not harmful to your body. Allergies happen because your immune system, whose job it is to fight off your body's microscopic enemies (germs), over-reacts to something it's exposed to. This "something" is usually a specific food or other substance.

October 30, 2020

Hepatitis C: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

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Hepatitis C is a blood-borne virus that infects the cells of the liver. Most cases occur in people who share needles or injecting equipment to inject 'street drugs' contaminated with infected blood (intravenous drug users). Some people clear the infection naturally. Some develop persistent infection but remain free of symptoms, although others may have symptoms. Persistent infection can lead to 'scarring' of the liver (cirrhosis) which may result in liver cancer. Treatment can clear the infection in over half of cases.

October 29, 2020

Malaria - Causes, Symptoms, Transmission, Treatment and Prevention

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Malaria is a serious mosquito-borne disease caused by one of the Plasmodium parasites. People with malaria often experience fever, chills, and flu-like illness. Symptoms have been known to occur up to a year after travelling to an area in which malaria is present. Left untreated, individuals may develop severe complications and die. In 2018 an estimated 228 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide and 405,000 people died, mostly children aged under 5.