November 11, 2020

Rehabilitative and Assistive Technology in Medical Care

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Rehabilitative and assistive technology help people with disabilities to function more easily in their everyday lives and also for caregivers to care more easily for a disabled person. “Rehabilitative technology” sometimes refer to aids used to help people recover their functioning after injury or illness. “Assistive technology” may be as simple as a magnifying glass to improve vision or as complex as a digital communication system to improve communication ability.

November 09, 2020

COVID-19: How to Treat Coronavirus 2019 at Home

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The majority of people who get infected with the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) virus experience mild or asymptomatic (no symptoms) disease which can be treated at home. So if you're experiencing the tell-tale signs of the virus, what should you do to feel better? A proportion of people may experience more severe disease warranting hospital admission. This article discusses mild disease which is easily treated at home.

November 08, 2020

Abortion and How it Affects Your Health: Choices, Procedure and Risks

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An abortion is the medical process of ending a pregnancy, perfomed up to the 24th week of pregnancy, so it doesn't result in the birth of a baby. It is sometimes known as a termination of pregnancy (TOP). The pregnancy is ended either by taking medications (medical abortion) or having a minor surgical procedure (surgical abortion). One in three women will have an abortion in their lifetime.

November 06, 2020

Hepatitis A: Risk Factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

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Hepatitis A refer to inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis A virus (HAV). It tends to be a short-term (acute) illness; and is usually spread by eating or drinking something contaminated with the hepatitis A virus. It is more common in developing countries.

November 05, 2020

Hepatitis E: Cause, Transmission, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

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Hepatitis E disease is a similar illness to hepatitis A. Like hepatitis A, hepatitis E is spread through contaminated food and drink, and thereafter causes an acute (short-term) and self-limiting illness, from which people usually recover fully with low death rates; however, it can be more severe in pregnant women and people with a weakened immune system e.g. organ transplant recipients, with substantially higher death rates. A preventive vaccine (HEV 239) is approved for use in China, but is not yet available anywhere else.

November 03, 2020

Hepatitis D: Transmission, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

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The most common cause of hepatitis is infection with a virus. There are five different viruses which can cause five different types of viral hepatitis viz Hepatitis A virus (HAV), Hepatitis B virus (HBV), Hepatitis C virus (HCV), Hepatitis D virus (HDV) and Hepatitis E virus (HEV). Hepatitis D is spread in the same way as hepatitis B and hepatitis C; however, it can only affect people who also have been infected with hepatitis B. This article is about the HDV infection.

November 02, 2020

Cow's Milk Protein Allergy

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Cow's milk protein allergy is one of the most common food allergies seen in children. It is most commonly seen during the first year of life. Many children who have been allergic to cow's milk protein become tolerant to it by the time they are 5 years old.

November 01, 2020

What You Need to Know About Allergic Reactions

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An allergy is a reaction that your body's immune system has to a foreign substance called an allergen. Typically, allergens themselves are not harmful to your body. Allergies happen because your immune system, whose job it is to fight off your body's microscopic enemies (germs), over-reacts to something it's exposed to. This "something" is usually a specific food or other substance.

October 30, 2020

Hepatitis C: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

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Hepatitis C is a blood-borne virus that infects the cells of the liver. Most cases occur in people who share needles or injecting equipment to inject 'street drugs' contaminated with infected blood (intravenous drug users). Some people clear the infection naturally. Some develop persistent infection but remain free of symptoms, although others may have symptoms. Persistent infection can lead to 'scarring' of the liver (cirrhosis) which may result in liver cancer. Treatment can clear the infection in over half of cases.

October 29, 2020

Malaria - Causes, Symptoms, Transmission, Treatment and Prevention

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Malaria is a serious mosquito-borne disease caused by one of the Plasmodium parasites. People with malaria often experience fever, chills, and flu-like illness. Symptoms have been known to occur up to a year after travelling to an area in which malaria is present. Left untreated, individuals may develop severe complications and die. In 2018 an estimated 228 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide and 405,000 people died, mostly children aged under 5.

October 27, 2020

Covid 19 Herd Immunity: Hopes Fade As Study Shows Drop in Antibody Levels

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Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, there’s been a push to develop a vaccine against the SARS-CoV-2 virus. If scientists can develop a vaccine quickly, and while we slow the spread of the disease, it’s believed that we can limit deaths by achieving herd immunity. This is a term that has been bandied about for awhile now and which some scientists hope will get all of us out of the clutches of the ravaging COVID-19 scourge.

October 20, 2020

Hepatitis B: Risk Factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment

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The hepatitis B virus can cause a short-term (acute) infection, which may or may not cause symptoms. Following an acute infection, a minority of infected adults develop a persistent infection called chronic hepatitis B. Many people with chronic hepatitis B remain well, but can still pass on the virus to others. Some develop serious liver problems. The virus is mainly passed on by sexual contact, sharing needles to inject drugs, and from mother to baby.

October 19, 2020

Adolescent Pregnancy - Risk Factors, Adverse Effects, Advice on Contraceptive Methods

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Most teenage girls do not plan to get pregnant, but in some countries, many do. Adolescent pregnancies carry extra health risks to both the mother and the baby. Often, teens do not get prenatal care soon enough, which can lead to problems later on. They have a higher risk for pregnancy-related high blood pressure and its complications. Risks for the baby include premature birth and a low birth weight.

October 14, 2020

Testosterone Deficiency in Men: Causes, Symptoms, Tests, Treatment and Prognosis

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Testosterone deficiency is often part of the ageing process and therefore common in older men. It can also occur at any age as a result of conditions affecting the testicles, or the pituitary gland in the brain. Testosterone deficiency can be treated with testosterone replacement therapy. Any underlying cause for the testosterone deficiency will also need treatment. The outlook will depend on the underlying cause of testosterone deficiency.

October 12, 2020

Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment

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Biological medicines are a newer type of medicine, used to ease the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and reduce the damaging effect of the disease on the joints. They are usually prescribed when you have tried the older more traditional types of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) but they have not worked well. If a biological medicine will work, you will usually feel better within 12 weeks of starting it. Biological medicines make you more prone to infections and sometimes damage the blood-producing cells. You should carry a biological therapy alert card with you at all times to ensure that doctors or nurses treating you know that you are taking a biological medicine and so are at increased risk of developing a serious infection.