October 20, 2020

Hepatitis B: Risk Factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment

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The hepatitis B virus can cause a short-term (acute) infection, which may or may not cause symptoms. Following an acute infection, a minority of infected adults develop a persistent infection called chronic hepatitis B. Many people with chronic hepatitis B remain well, but can still pass on the virus to others. Some develop serious liver problems. The virus is mainly passed on by sexual contact, sharing needles to inject drugs, and from mother to baby.

October 19, 2020

Adolescent Pregnancy - Risk Factors, Adverse Effects, Advice on Contraceptive Methods

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Most teenage girls do not plan to get pregnant, but in some countries, many do. Adolescent pregnancies carry extra health risks to both the mother and the baby. Often, teens do not get prenatal care soon enough, which can lead to problems later on. They have a higher risk for pregnancy-related high blood pressure and its complications. Risks for the baby include premature birth and a low birth weight.

October 14, 2020

Testosterone Deficiency in Men: Causes, Symptoms, Tests, Treatment and Prognosis

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Testosterone deficiency is often part of the ageing process and therefore common in older men. It can also occur at any age as a result of conditions affecting the testicles, or the pituitary gland in the brain. Testosterone deficiency can be treated with testosterone replacement therapy. Any underlying cause for the testosterone deficiency will also need treatment. The outlook will depend on the underlying cause of testosterone deficiency.

October 12, 2020

Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment

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Biological medicines are a newer type of medicine, used to ease the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and reduce the damaging effect of the disease on the joints. They are usually prescribed when you have tried the older more traditional types of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) but they have not worked well. If a biological medicine will work, you will usually feel better within 12 weeks of starting it. Biological medicines make you more prone to infections and sometimes damage the blood-producing cells. You should carry a biological therapy alert card with you at all times to ensure that doctors or nurses treating you know that you are taking a biological medicine and so are at increased risk of developing a serious infection.

October 08, 2020

Rheumatoid Arthritis: An Overview of Risk Factors, Symptoms and Diagnosis

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Rheumatoid arthritis causes inflammation, pain, and swelling of joints. Persistent inflammation over time can damage affected joints. The severity can vary from mild to severe. Treatments include disease-modifying medicines to suppress inflammation, which can prevent or delay the progression of the disease, and medication to ease pain. The earlier treatment is started, the less joint damage is likely to occur. Surgery is needed in some cases if a joint becomes badly damaged.

October 03, 2020

Arthritis and Exercise: How Exercise Benefits The Different Forms Of Arthritis

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Deaths from lack of exercise has been compared with deaths from cigarette smoking. See Lack of Exercise 'Killing As Many As Smoking'. Physical activity has an overarching benefit over and above the minor disadvantages that some forms of exercise may throw up. People with arthritis have been shown to benefit from a deliberate plan of physical exercise.

September 26, 2020

Breathlessness and Difficulty Breathing (Dyspnoea)

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Breathlessness is an unpleasant sensation of uncomfortable, rapid or difficult breathing. People describe it as feeling short of breath, puffed or winded. The medical term is dyspnoea. Your chest may feel tight and breathing may hurt. Everyone experiences breathlessness if they exert themselves to an unusual extent or run for a bus; however, if you experience breathlessness without unusual exertion, it is important to seek medical attention as it may be due to a serious underlying problem. The most common causes are mentioned below.

September 24, 2020

Wheeze: Causes, Tests and Treatment

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Wheezing is a whistling sound that occurs when you breathe. It is a common symptom. There are various causes. If you have any breathing difficulty or other alarming symptoms in addition to wheezing - and you do not know what to do - then see a doctor immediately. This article discusses what wheezing is all about, including the main causes and treatment of wheezing.

September 23, 2020

Multiple Sclerosis - Causes, Symptoms, Types, Tests and Treatments

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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a condition which affects the brain and/or spinal cord (otherwise called central nervous system or CNS), marked by weakness, numbness, and loss of muscle coordination resulting in a wide range of potential symptoms, including problems with vision, speech, arm or leg movement, sensation or balance, and bladder control.

September 22, 2020

How Overseas Pharmacists Can Live and Work in the UK

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This article contains information for overseas qualified pharmacists, including information on registration and immigration, who intend to live and work in the UK. Anyone wanting to work in the UK as a pharmacist must register with the General Pharmaceutical Council (GPhC).

September 19, 2020

Osteoarthritis Treatment and Support

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Osteoarthritis (OA) is a painful condition that can affect one or more joints. It involves loss of cartilage, often along with mild inflammation and changes to the bone closest to the joint (see image below), as well as weakness of muscles surrounding the joint. This results in pain, stiffness, and trouble easily moving the joint.

Osteoarthritis: Risk Factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Natural Course

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Osteoarthritis (OA) is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone. The most common symptoms are joint pain and stiffness. Usually the symptoms progress slowly over years. Initially they may occur only after exercise but can become constant over time. Other symptoms may include joint swelling, decreased range of motion, and, when the back is affected, weakness or numbness of the arms and legs.

September 10, 2020

Lung Cancer: Symptoms and Diagnosis

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Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide in both men and women. It is established that cigarette smoking is the most significant risk factor for lung cancer, and this includes second-hand smoking wherein you breathe in other peoples' smoke. Bear in mind other factors play a minor role in causing lung cancer, like exposure to radon gas, family or personal history of cancer, previous treatment, and diet.

Lung Cancer: Risk Factors, Genetics and Types

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Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. When cancer starts in the lungs, it is called lung cancer. Lung cancer, therefore, is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in one or both lungs. These abnormal cells do not carry out the functions of normal lung cells and do not develop into healthy lung tissue. As they grow, the abnormal cells can form tumors and interfere with the functioning of the lung, which provides oxygen to the body via the blood.

September 09, 2020

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

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A sexually transmitted infection (STI) is an infection that can be passed from person to person when having sex. You can get an STI by having vaginal sex, anal sex, or oral sex. There are several different types of STI.