December 26, 2017

Guillain–Barré Syndrome - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Key Facts

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In Guillain-Barré syndrome, the body's immune system attacks part of the peripheral nervous system. The syndrome can affect the nerves that control muscle movement as well as those that transmit feelings of pain, temperature and touch. This can result in muscle weakness and loss of sensation in the legs and/or arms.

December 25, 2017

Yellow Fever - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Key Facts

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No one knows for certain, but scientists believe that yellow fever has plagued the world for at least 3,000 years. It is believed the disease was brought into the western world on slave ships from West Africa. The first definitive evidence of yellow fever in the Americas was in Mayan manuscripts describing an outbreak of the disease in the Yucatan and Guadeloupe in 1648. Yellow fever virus is found in parts of tropical and subtropical areas in Central and South America, and Africa.

Healthy Diet - Basic Principles and Practical Advice for Daily Living

A healthy diet is one that helps to maintain or improve overall health. A healthy diet provides the body with essential nutrition: fluid, adequate essential amino acids from protein, essential fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, and adequate calories. The requirements for a healthy diet can be met from a variety of plant-based and animal-based foods.

December 12, 2017

Huntington Breakthrough: New Drug May Stop or Cure The Disease

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The defect that causes the neurodegenerative disease Huntington's has been corrected in patients for the first time. An experimental drug, injected into spinal fluid, safely lowered levels of toxic proteins in the brain.

December 11, 2017

Chikungunya Viral Disease: Transmission, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Prevention and Key Facts

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Chikungunya (pronunciation: chik-en-gun-ye) is a mosquito-borne viral disease first described during an outbreak in southern Tanzania in 1952. The most common symptoms are fever and joint pain, however, other symptoms may occur.

December 07, 2017

Marburg Virus Disease Key Facts: Transmission, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Control

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Marburg virus is the causative agent of Marburg virus disease (MVD), a disease with a case fatality ratio of up to 88%. Marburg virus disease was initially detected in 1967 after simultaneous outbreaks in Marburg and Frankfurt in Germany; and in Belgrade, Serbia.

December 05, 2017

Avian and Other Zoonotic Influenza: Risk factors, Clinical features, Treatment and Other Key Facts

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There are 3 types of influenza viruses: types A, B, and C. Influenza A viruses infect humans and many different animals. Influenza B viruses only circulate among humans and cause seasonal epidemics. Influenza C viruses can infect both humans and pigs but infections are generally mild and are rarely reported.

December 04, 2017

Pathophysiology of Ebola Virus Disease

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Ebola virus disease (EVD; formerly, Ebola haemorrhagic fever) is one of the Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers. It is a severe, often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (such as monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees). It is one of the world’s deadliest and most virulent diseases.